Since the beginning of the 20th century, the first steps were taken to become interested in a specialized practice of medicine dedicated to women, seeing the development of both clinical and surgical practice in the different countries of Latin America, leading to the organizational development of the institutions.
Presenting a brief but honorable summary of the historical chronology of our member countries we have compiled the following lines.
FASGO: The foundation of the Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Buenos Aires appeared as historical data on July 1, 1908 since then with periodic meetings until from August 9 to 15, 1931 appears the First Argentine Congress of Obstetrics and Gynecology, being this the first antecedent of the current Argentine Federation of Societies of Gynecology and Obstetrics, FASGO. The first Congress of Obstetrics and Gynecology is held in Buenos Aires from October 26 to 31, 1952.
SCOG: The Cuban Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology was founded around 1915 when, by decision of the Havana City Council, the Emergency Hospital was founded with an Obstetrics Service under the direction of Drs. José Ramírez Olivella and Cándido Hoyos and a Gynecology Service was also created under the direction of Drs. Gonzalo Aróstegui and Ernesto Aragón.
SGU: The Uruguayan Gynecological and Gynecological Society was born on May 5, 1926 thanks to the idea of Augusto Turenne to create a Society similar to that of Pediatrics. In 1944, the name was discussed again and the change to Sociedad Uruguaya de Ginecología (Uruguayan Society of Gynecology) was approved.
SOCHOG: The Chilean Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology was created on October 15, 1935, thanks to the vision of Dr. Carlos Monckeberg Bravo, who in 1929 promoted the first meetings between the various maternity services and the enthusiastic spirits of Drs. Raul Garcia Valenzuela and Victor Manuel Gacitúa, on that date in 1935 with the meeting of 19 doctors in the then premises of the Medical Society raised a solemn act formalizing its constitution.
SOGV: The Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology of Venezuela began its activities on February 24, 1940. The founding meeting was held in the auditorium of the original building of the Concepción Palacios Maternity Hospital, at the initiative of 13 of the most distinguished medical specialists of the Capital.
SPGO: The Paraguayan Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology was founded on November 5, 1941 at a meeting held at the Amphitheater of the National Maternity Hospital, and its provisional commission was formed by doctors Julio Manuel Morales, Gustavo Vera Vargas, Emilio Velilla and Rodolfo Mónges.
FECOLSOG: The Colombian Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology appeared thanks to the teachers and interns of the maternity ward of the San Juan de Dios Hospital in Bogota decided to create an entity oriented to the development of obstetrics in its scientific and guild aspects. In 2011, in a new change of statutes, it took its current name of “Colombian Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology, FECOLSOG”.
FEMECOG: Obstetrics and Gynecology had its first antecedent in 1945 with the foundation of the Mexican Association of Gynecology and Obstetrics (AMGO). Gynecobstetricians from several states of the Mexican Republic, feeling the need to group together to improve the aspects related to the specialty. When the I National Meeting of Gynecology and Obstetrics was held in June 1950, the representatives of several Societies of Gynecology and Obstetrics decided to found the Institute of National Meetings of Gynecology and Obstetrics, which was definitely integrated during the V National Meeting in San Luis Potosi, in 1954. For the legal creation of the Mexican Federation of Associations of Gynecology and Obstetrics, at the VIII National Meeting, held in Mexicali, delegates were appointed who met at the Hospital Concepción Béistegui, in Mexico City, headquarters of the Mexican Association of Gynecology and Obstetrics, between April 9 and September 3, 1960, in order to discuss and approve its statutes, thus creating the Mexican Federation of Associations of Gynecology and Obstetrics, (FEMEGO). On October 22, 2009, it became the Federación Mexicana de Colegios de Obstetricia y Ginecología, A.C. (Mexican Federation of Obstetrics and Gynecology Associations).
SPOG: The Peruvian Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology was founded on June 30, 1947 with 24 members and chaired by Dr. Constantino J. Carvallo; son of Dr. Constantino T. Carvallo, who is considered the father of Peruvian Gynecology.
SPOG: The Panamanian Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology appeared on November 7, 1947 by the call of Dr. Julio A. Lavergne at his residence located in Panama City.
FECASOG: It was constituted in May 1949 by representatives of Associations and Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology and as founding members were Dr. Osberto Rosales and A. González for Guatemala, Dr. Salvador Batista Mena for El Salvador, Dr. F. Robleto Gallo for Nicaragua, Dr. Max Terán Valls and Marino Urpí for Costa Rica and Dr. Julio Armando Lavergne for Panama.
SDOG: The foundation of the Dominican Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology was agreed on February 8, 1951 by the idea of Dr. Luis A. Betances Ricart and colleagues from the Julia Molina Maternity Hospital where he worked. The Society did not have much activity in its beginnings and its work really started with its reorganization on November 15, 1954.
FEBRASGO: The Brazilian Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics Associations was founded on October 30, 1959, in the city of Belo Horizonte.
SBOG: The Bolivian Society of Obstetrics and Gynecology, La Paz Branch, had its first consultative meeting on April 30, 1967, held in the city of Santa Cruz, being this the first antecedent of the Bolivian Society of Gynecology and Obstetrics.

Background of FLASOG
Since the forties, Latin America has been experiencing an integrationist interest and the first steps are being taken to direct actions towards the creation of a grouping that integrates all colleagues in Latin America.
In historical documents of the Society of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay there are annotations in which Dr. Augusto Turenne proposes the integration of the Associations of the countries in a single institution.
In the minutes of the Chilean Society of August 1946 appears a formal request from Dr. Raul Garcia Valenzuela proposing a Latin American “Association” of obstetricians and gynecologists.
During the period 1948-1949, during the presidency of the Chilean Society of Dr. Victor Aviles B., together with colleagues from the Societies of Uruguay and Argentina, he promoted the foundations for the signing in March 1949 of the First Agreement ratified in October of the same year in Buenos Aires. Doctors Américo Stábile, J. Alberto Castro and José Aguirre, representing the Uruguayan Gynecological and Obstetric Society, formed its first Permanent Committee and were responsible for drafting the first draft of the statute.
In 1966, at the end of their work as directors of FLASOG, Doctors Alfonso Álvarez Bravo, Luis Castelazo Ayala and J. Martin Giménez Miranda, wrote a document on “The History of FLASOG”.
Between 1966-1970 doctors Arturo Aparicio Jaramillo, Fernando Sánchez Torres and Carlos Casas Santofimio at the end of their work as members of the Executive Committee, edited a book entitled “History of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Latin America” compiling historical documents from 14 of the member countries of FLASOG.
The Latin American Congresses of Gynecology and Obstetrics have been held according to the periodicity established by the statute:
1954 – Brazil
1958 – Mexico
1962 – Colombia
1966 – Chile
1970 – Costa Rica
1973 – Ecuador
1978 – Peru
1981 – Dominican Republic
1984 – Venezuela
1987 – Guatemala
1990 – Uruguay
1993 – Panama
1996 – Paraguay
1999 – El Salvador
2002 – Bolivia
2005 – Dominican Republic
2008 – Mendoza, Argentina
2011 – Managua, Nicaragua
2014 – Guayaquil, Ecuador
2017 – Cancun, Mexico
2020 – Asunción, Paraguay
2023 – San Pedro Sula, Honduras

In Latin America we have great doctors who have stood out with their research and have dictated guidelines within Latin America and worldwide, just to mention a few:
Dr. Samuel Karchmer K., Mexico. Perinatology.
Dr. Roberto Caldeyro Barcia, Uruguay. Obstetric Physiology.
Dr. Arturo Zarate, Mexico. Gynecologic Endocrinology.
Dr. Alfonso Alvarez Bravo, Mexico. Gynecology.
Dr. Luis Castelazo Ayala, Mexico. Obstetrics.
Dr. Arnaldo Acosta, Paraguay. Gynecological Endocrinology.
Dr. Otto Rodriguez Armas, Venezuela. Gynecologic Endoscopy.
Dr. Newton Osborne, Panama. Epidemiology, Ultrasonography and in Music.
Dr. Waldo Sepulveda L., Chile. Endoscopic Fetal Surgery.

Ultrasonography in Perinatology:

Dr. Luiz Bailao – Brazil.
Dr. Luis Flavio Goncalves – USA.
Dr. Luiz Eduardo Machado – Brazil.
Dr. Raul Martinez – Mexico.
Dr. Andrés A Mejides – USA.
Dr. Francisca S Molina.
Dr. Luis Nieves – Venezuela.
Dr. Renato Ximenes – Brazil.

Featured Authors:

Dr. Alberto Sosa Olavarria – Venezuela. Author of: Perinatology, “Ultrasonography and Embryo Fetal Clinic”.
Dr. Miguel Lo Vuolo, Argentina. Author of: “Ultrasonography and fetal Doppler”.
Dr. Rubén Quintero, Fetal Medicine, Operative Fetoscopy with Laser Surgical Techniques.

Em ultrassonografia em Perinatologia:

Dr. Luiz Bailao – Brasil.
Dr. Luis Flavio Goncalves – EUA.
Dr. Luiz Eduardo Machado – Brasil.
Dr. Raúl Martínez – México.
Dr. Andrés A Mejides – EUA.
Dra. Francisca S Molina.
Dr. Luis Nieves – Venezuela.
Dr. Renato Ximenes – Brasil.

Autores em destaque:

Dr. Alberto Sosa Olavarria, Venezuela. Autor de: Perinatologia, “Ultrassonografia e Clínica Fetal Embrionária”.
Dr. Miguel Lo Vuolo, Argentina. Autor de: “Ultrassonografia e Doppler fetal”.
Dr. Rubén Quintero, Medicina Fetal, Fetoscopia Operatória com Técnicas Cirúrgicas a Laser.