VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN: A PENDING ACCOUNT OF OUR SOCIETY
-DRA. DIANA GALIMBERTI
The FLASOG Committee on Sexual and Reproductive Rights aims to promote in each member society, the creation, if there were not, of local committees with clear objectives and to make an epidemic, such as gender violence, that takes years of healthy life to the woman and her family, can have help to alleviate it.
As an introduction we can say:
The creation of local committees against gender violence within the different gynecological and obstetric societies of Latin America is a pending and necessary account in the face of the pandemic of violence against women.
According to the Convention of Belem do Pará, violence against women is “… any action or conduct, based on gender, that causes death, damage or physical, sexual or psychological suffering to women, both in the public sphere and in the private”.
More than half of the femicides that occur in the world take place in Latin America, a region where 12 women are victims of femicide a day. In this regard, although the information provided by some countries is still incomplete, the following figures can be discussed:
Femicide is the homicide committed by a man against a woman because she is a woman. Legally, not only the legal good of life is protected, but also others such as dignity, equality and personal safety.
It should be noted that 17 countries in Latin America have passed femicide laws, establishing it as a crime other than homicide or as an aggravating sentence. The last of them was Uruguay. However, this has not led to a reduction in the number of femicides. On the contrary, they have increased in number in Latin America in recent years with high rates of impunity for aggressors.
Likewise, all Latin American countries have ratified the Inter-American Convention to Prevent, Punish, and Eradicate Violence against Women, but only eight countries have a comprehensive law on violence against women.
Both men and women suffer violations of their human rights. However, all aggression perpetrated against a woman has characteristics that allow it to be identified as gender violence. This means that it is directly linked to the unequal distribution of power and the asymmetric relationships that occur in a society with a patriarchal model.
In this regard, it is important to note that one in three women has been a victim of sexual or gender-based violence in her life and that 38% of homicides of women are perpetrated by their male partner.
From gynecology and obstetrics societies, it is necessary to create local violence committees that can make different contributions in order to combat violence against women:
· First, promote the education of health professionals on issues related to human rights such as gender violence and reproductive rights.
· In this sense, it is important to create health policies that include services that provide an empathetic and quality response to women who suffer or survive violence.
· As well as activism in favor of the creation and development of protection programs for women and shelters for victims of domestic violence and their daughters and sons.
· Likewise, it is essential to promote the labor inclusion of victims of violence through training programs, as well as psychological assistance for both the victim and their daughters and sons.
In the same way, to promote the enactment of laws that provide an essential income to victims that guarantees their access to basic needs so that their economic situation does not obstruct the filing of the complaint and the necessary procedures for its resolution and that she is not conditioned to remain with the aggressor for fear of being left on the street with her daughters and sons.
· In the same way, it is necessary to promote the social and labor inclusion of victims of violence through training programs, as well as psychological assistance for both the victim and their children.
· On the other hand, work should be done to improve the speed and efficiency of the judicial system, especially in the protection measures for the victims, since there are many cases where the victim of femicide had previously reported her aggressor.
· It is also important to develop administrative registers to know the real number of victims and to promote prevention programs in which the dissemination of information prevails.
· For all these reasons, it is necessary to create a monitoring record of the aforementioned actions in order to evaluate the progress made and the fulfillment of clear goals.
Finally, the agreement between the different Latin American societies in the composition of this text, which serves as the basis for the development of the measures indicated to combat violence against women, and which demonstrate the commitment of the region to address this problem, must be valued. In this Bulletin we want to introduce the members of the Committee on Sexual and Reproductive Rights of FLASOG, made up of:
Dra. Desiree Mostajo Flores. Bolivia.
Dra. Diana Galimberti. Argentina.
Dra. Fanny Corrales. Paraguay.
Dra. Linda Valencia. Guatemala.
Dr. José David Mariscal. Mexico
Dr. Enrique Pons. Uruguay.
Sources of femicide figures:
Argentina: NGO Casa del Encuentro.
Bolivia: Attorney General of the State of Bolivia.
Brazil: Public Ministry of Brazil.
Guatemala: Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean.
Mexico: United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women. Data corresponding to female deaths with presumption of homicide due to lack of accurate data on femicide. Paraguay: Center for Documentation and Studies of Paraguay.
Uruguay: Ministry of the Interior of Uruguay.